Agreement of the Relative Pronoun & its Antecedent

agreement of the relative

Agreement of the Relative Pronoun & its Antecedent

Rule 1 :- Relative pronoun अपने Antecedent के number , person तथा gender के मुताबिक Agree होता है। अर्थात Relative pronoun के बाद verb का प्रयोग, Relative pronoun के पहले प्रयुक्त Antecedent के number , person तथा gender के मुताबिक होता है। जैसे :- 

  • I who am your leader, will you lead.
  • The boy who was lazy was punished .
  • He, that is down , needs fear no fall.
  • They,who lives in glass houses, should not throw stones.
  • You ,who are rich , should help the poor.
  • The flowers , which grow in our gardens, are not for sale.
  • They, who are honest, are trusted.

Rule 2:- किसी clause me Relative pronoun का case verb के साथ Relative pronoun का कैसा relation है,पर निर्भर करता है। जैसे :-

  • Sohan is the boy who did it.
  • Sohan is the boy whom I want.
  • Sohan is the boy whose pen I have.
  • Sohan is the boy to whom I spoke.
  • he whom we worship by whose gift we live, is the lord.

ध्यान दे :-    

(i) यदि  Relative pronoun के पहले  one of the +plural noun or plural pronoun का प्रयोग हो तो  plural noun pr plural pronoun के मुताबिक Relative pronoun के बाद verb , pronoun,Adjective तथा अन्य  का प्रयोग होता है। अर्थात plural verb,plural pronoun तथा plural Adjective का प्रयोग होता है। जैसे :-

  • Ashoka  is one of the noblest kings that have ever lived. (✓)
  • Ashoka is one of the best novels that has ever lived. (x)
  • This is one of the best novels that have been published this year. (✓)
  • This is one of the best novels that has been published this year. (x)
  • I am one of those that love their fellow men. (✓)
  • I am one of those that loves their fellow men. (x)
  • This is one of the most useful proposals that have ever been made. (✓)
  • This is one of the most useful that have has ever been made. (x)
  • He is one of the greatest leaders that  have ever lived.(✓)
  • He is one of the greatest leaders that has ever lived. (x)

(ii) यदि Relative pronoun के पहले the only one of+ plural noun/ plural pronoun का प्रयोग से हो तो one के मुताबिक Relative pronoun के बाद singular verb, singular pronoun तथा singular adjective का प्रयोग होता है न की plural verb , plural pronoun तथा plural adjective का। जैसे :-

  • This is the only of his novels that is worth reading. (✓)

अर्थ- of his novels this is the only one that is worth reading.

  • This is the only one of his novels that are worth reading. (x)
  • This is the only one of his painting that is remarkable. (✓)

अर्थ – Of this paintings this is the only one that is remarkable.

  • This is the only  one of his painting that are remarkable . (x)

Compound Relative pronouns

वे pronoun (जैसे – who,which, what) जिसके last में ever, so, so ever लगा रहता है compound Relative pronouns कहलाता है । जैसे :-

Whoever, who, so, whosoever , whichever, whichsoever, whatever, whatsoever

Rule 1:- Compound Relative Pronoun जैसे -whoever, whosoever, whichever, which soever.. etc के पहले Antecedent का प्रयोग नहीं होता है। जैसे :-

  • Whoever comes late will punished. (✓)

[ whoever का अर्थ ‘any and every person who ‘ होता है।]

  • The person whoever come late will be punished.(x)
  • You can do whatever you like. (✓)

[whatever का अर्थ any/ever  person that /any or every thing that होता है।]

  • You can do the thing whatever you like. (x)
  • I have asked him to take whichever he likes. (✓)

[whichever का अर्थ any which or any that होता है।]

  • I have asked him to take the thing whichever he likes. (x)

ध्यान दे :- whomsoever का प्रयोग भी compound relative pronoun के रूप में होता है।इसके पहले भी Antecedent का प्रयोग नहीं होता है।जैसे :-

  • I will take with me whomsoever you choice. (✓)
  • I will take with me the person whomsoever you choose. (x)

मेरी बाते

हम आशा करते है आपके सभी डाउट क्लियर हो गए होंगे हमे फोकस करा है की आपके सारे Agreement of the Relative Pronoun & its Antecedent को कवर करा।  अगर आपको तब भी कोई डाउट है तो हमें कमेंट करके जरूर पूछे । हमरी टीम हमेशा रेडी है आपकी हेल्प करने के लिए।तो आप बस अभी घर पर रहे और सेफ रहे और अपनी पढ़ाई में ध्यान दे।हम रोज़ आपके लिए इंग्लिश ग्रामर पे नई टॉपिक लाते रहेंगे।

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