Indefinite Pronouns & Their Rules | Correct Use of Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite Pronouns

वे pronouns जो किसी अनिश्चित व्यक्ति या वस्तु का बोध कराते हैIndefinite Pronouns कहलाते  है।

Everybody, somebody,nobody, anybody,everyone,someone,no one,anyone,everything,nothing,anything,all,some,both,any, enough, few, many, none,little,one,other, others ,इन्हे Indefinite demonstrative pronoun कहा जाता है।

इन sentence को देखे:-

  • One must be attentive to one’s studies.
  • Everyone believed him.
  • Somebody has stolen my watch.
  • Nobody was there to save the drowning child.
  • None but the brave deserve the fair.
  • Some are born great . All are not born rich.
  • Few were hurt, Many escaped.
  • All the glitters is not gold.
  • Only Amit can remain here,others may go home.
  • One or other of us will be there.

sentence me underlined pronouns का प्रयोग अनिश्चित व्यक्ति या वस्तु का बोध कराने के लिए किया गया है अतः: ये Indefinite pronouns है।इन का प्रयोग निश्चित व्यक्ति या वस्तु का बोध कराने के लिए नहीं किया जाता है।

ध्यान दे :-  

All,some, both, any ,most , enough, few , many, little, one, other , another का प्रयोग Adjectives के रूप में होता है।जैसे:-
  • I will take you  there one day.
  • Any fool can do that.
  • He is a man of few words.
  • Some milk was split.
  • Many criminals were arrested.
Indefinite PronounsCorrect (✓)Incorrect (x)
Everybody

Somebody

Anybody

Nobody

Everyone

Someone

Anyone

No one

he (✓)

him (✓)

his (✓)

himself (✓)

 

 

 

 

They  (x)

Them  (x)

Their  (x)

Themselves  (x)

It  (x)

Its  (x)

Itself  (x)

one;s  (x)

oneself  (x)

Everything

Something

Anything

Nothing

it (✓)

its (✓)

itself (✓)

 

he  (x)

him  (x)

his  (x)

himself  (x)

they  (x)

them  (x)

themselves  (x)

one’s  (x)

oneself (x)

Rule 1 :- Everybody , somebody, nobody, anybody, everyone, someone, anyone, no one के लिए singular pronouns- he , him, his, himself, का प्रयोग होता है, न की plural pronouns – they them , their, theirs, themselves का। Sex का पता होने पर इस प्रयोग होता है।जैसे:-as his own ideas on the subject.

  • He helped everyone of his class fellows in his studies.
  • If any body helps me, I shall be thankful to him.
  • Anyone can win the prize if he tries fir it.
  • Everybody must have his way.

लकिन ऊपर दिए गए sentence me indefinite pronouns & adjective – she,hers, her, herself का प्रयोग होता है।जैसे:-

  • I helped everyone of the girls in her studies. (✓)
  • I helped everyone of the girls in his studies. (x)

इन sentence को देखे :- 

  • Everybody should love his country. (✓)
  • Everybody should love their country. (x)
  • Everybody should love one’s  country. (x)
  • Everybody love its country. (x)
  • Everything has its own limitation. (✓)
  • Everything has its own limitations.(x)
  • Everything has their own limitation. (x)
  • Everything has one’s own limitation.(x)

ऊपर दिए गए example में यह स्पस्ट होता है की Everybody, .. No one के लिए singular pronouns – he, him,his,himself का प्रयोग होता है, तथा everything .. nothing के लिए singular pronouns – it , its, itself का प्रयोग होता है।

ध्यान दे :-  

Everybody , somebody, nobody, anybody, everyone, someone, anyone, no one,everything, something ,anything, nothing के साथ  singular verb का प्रयोग होता है, न की plural verb का जैसे:-

  • Everyone likes to have his way. (✓)
  • Everyone likes to have his way. (x)
  • Everybody has his own ideas which he hates to changes. (✓)
  • everybody have his own ideas which he hates t change. (x)
  • Nothing has been done. (✓)
  • Nothing have been done. (x)

Rule 2:- यदि किसी sentence में question tag का प्रयोग हो , तथा sentence का  subject – Everyone , somebody, Anybody, Nobody, Everyone, Someone, Anyone, No one हो तो इसके लिए  Plural Pronoun – they question tag के subject के रूप में होता है, न की Singular Pronoun – he का ।जैसे:-

  • Everybody can not be intelligent, can they? (✓)
  • Everybody can not be intelligent , can he?(x)
  • Everyone does his work, don’t they? (✓)
  • Everyone does his work , doesn’t he?(x)

Rule 3:- Everything , something, nothing, anything का प्रयोग अनिश्चित वस्तु का बोध कराने के लिए होता है।इसके लिए हमेशा singular pronouns- it , its, का प्रयोग होता है न की plural pronouns -they , them, their, themselves , he,him, his,himself तथा  one, one’s oneself का । जैसे:-

  • Everything has its own limitation. (✓)
  • Everything has their own limitation. (x)

मेरी बाते

हम आशा करते है आपके सभी डाउट क्लियर हो गए होंगे हमे फोकस करा है की आपके सारे Indefinite Pronouns & Their Rules | Correct Use of Indefinite Pronouns को कवर करा।  अगर आपको तब भी कोई डाउट है तो हमें कमेंट करके जरूर पूछे । हमरी टीम हमेशा रेडी है आपकी हेल्प करने के लिए।तो आप बस अभी घर पर रहे और सेफ रहे और अपनी पढ़ाई में ध्यान दे।हम रोज़ आपके लिए इंग्लिश ग्रामर पे नई टॉपिक लाते रहेंगे।

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