Relative Pronoun Important Rules | Position of the Relative Pronoun

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Relative Pronoun Important Rules

Rule 1 :- Antecedent तथा Relative Pronoun के बीच ‘And’ का प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता है।

ध्यान दे :-   Antecedent = वह Noun or Noun equivalent word जो Relative pronoun के पहले प्रयुक्त होता है, Antecedent कहलाता है। जैसे-

  • He is Abhishek and who is my brother. (x)
  • He is Abhishek, who is my brother. (✓)
  • I have a plan, and which will change your life. (x)
  • I have a plan , which will change your life. (✓)

ध्यान दे :-  लेकिन दो Relative pronouns का प्रयोग किसी Antecedent के लिए हो तो दूसरे Relative Pronoun के पहले ‘And का प्रयोग किया जाता है। जैसे:-

  • Sharukh Khan is a popular actor, who lives in Mumbai, and who wants to help the helpless. (✓)
  • Sharukh Khan is a popular actor, and who lives in Mumbai,who wants to help to helpless. (x)
  • Sharukh Khan is a popular actor, and who lives in Mumbai, who wants to help the helpless. (x)
  • He is a famous teacher who lives in Jaipur, and who wants to open a school for the poor. (✓)
  • He is famous teacher ,who lives in Jaipur,who wants to open a school for the poor. (x)
  • He is famous teacher , and who lives in Jaipur , who wants to open a school for the poor. (x)

Rule 2:- Interrogative Pronoun जैसे– who, whom, whose, which, what के बाद Relative pronoun ,’that का प्रयोग होता है, न की who तथा which का। जैसे:-

  • Who is here that does not love his country? (✓)
  • Who is here who does not love his country. (x)
  • What is it that will last for ever?
  • What is it which will last for ever?
  • Whose is this house that looks exceptionally beautiful? (✓)
  • Whose is this house which looks exceptionally beautiful?

Rule 3:- यदि दो  Pronoun Antecedent का प्रयोग हो तो दूसरे pronoun Antecedent के मुताबिक Relative pronoun का प्रयोग होता है। जैसे:-

  • I hold in high esteem everything and everybody who reminds me of my attainments. (✓)
  • I hold in high esteem everything and everybody which reminds me of my attentions. (x)
  • I hold in high esteem anybody and anything which reminds me of my attainments.(x)

Rule 4:- यदि किसी clause का प्रयोग Antecedent के रूप में हो तो Relative pronoun which का प्रयोग होता है न की who, whom तथा that का। जैसे –

  • He passed the +2 examination in  2010 with 80% marks, which proves that he was an intelligent student. (✓)
  • He passed the +2 examination in 2010 with 80% marks, that/who/ whom provide that he was an intelligent student.(x)
  • Position of the Relative Pronoun

Position of the Relative Pronoun

Rule 1 :- Relative pronoun का position Antecedent के समीप / नजदीक होता है। जैसे-

  • The girl who comes first in English is the daughter of my neighbor , Mrs Patwal.
  • The boy who did this is the brother of my friend , Mr. Negi.

ध्यान दे :-      Relative pronoun को अपने Antecedent से  separate कर इस प्रकार लिखा जाता है।

  • The girls is the daughter of my neighbor , Mrs Patwal, who comes first in English.
  • The boy is the brother of my friend, Mr. Negi , who did this.

इस व्याको को देखे:- जैसे-

  • The girls who died here was the daughter of Mr. Kumar.
  • The girl was the daughter of Mr. Kumar who died here.

ऊपर दिए गए example me relative pronoun who को उसके Antecedent -the girl के बिलकुल करीब रखने से उसका क्या अर्थ निकाला तथा Relative pronoun का स्थान बदलने पर उसका क्या अर्थ निकाला ध्यान देकर समझने की कोसिसिह करे-

Omission of the Antecedent 

Rule 1:- कभी कभी  sometimes) relative pronoun के पहले Antecedent को नहीं लिखा जा सकता अर्थात छोड़ दिया जाता है। जैसे:-

  • Who works not shall not eat.

= )He who) who works not shall not eat.

  • Whom the gods love , die young.

=(Those persons whom) whom the gods love, die young.

  • This is what he wanted.

=This is (the thing that) what he wanted .

  • Who laugh last laughs best.

=(He who) who laughs last laughs best.

मेरी बाते

हम आशा करते है आपके सभी डाउट क्लियर हो गए होंगे हमे फोकस करा है की आपके सारे Relative Pronoun Important Rules | Position of the Relative Pronoun को कवर करा।  अगर आपको तब भी कोई डाउट है तो हमें कमेंट करके जरूर पूछे । हमरी टीम हमेशा रेडी है आपकी हेल्प करने के लिए।तो आप बस अभी घर पर रहे और सेफ रहे और अपनी पढ़ाई में ध्यान दे।हम रोज़ आपके लिए इंग्लिश ग्रामर पे नई टॉपिक लाते रहेंगे।

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