Some Important facts of Assertive sentence

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Rule 1 :- Reported speech में must का प्रयोग हो तथा must से नैतिक कर्त्तव्य , जिम्मेदारी/ नियन/ सिद्धांत का बोध हो ,तो Indirect speech में must का प्रयोग ज्यों का  त्यों होता है , अर्थात इसमें कोई परिवर्तन नहीं होता है।जैसे:-

  • He said , ” One must do one’s duty.” (Direct)
  • He said that one must do one’s duty. (Indirect)
  • She said,” We must respect our elders.” (Direct)
  • She said that we must respect our elders. (Indirect)

यह भी पढ़े : Removal Of Too | How to Remove “too”

Rule 2 :- Reported speech में must का प्रयोग हो तथा must का अर्थ present or future में  हो ,तो Indirect speech में इसको अर्थानुसार has to, have to, had to, will have to, would have to में बदल दिया जाता है .जैसे:-

  • She said, ” I must go.” (Direct)
  • She said that she had to go. (Indirect)
  • Payal said, ” I must do this work.”(Direct)
  • Payal said that She had to do this work.(Indirect)
  • Varsha said,” I must go to India next year.”(Direct)
  • Varsha said that she would have to to India the following year. (Indirect)
  • My Beloved says to me,” I must buy  a car.”(Direct)
  • My beloved tells me that she has to buy a car.(Indirect)

Rule 3 :-  Reported speech में संबोधन के रूप में किसी  Noun का प्रयोग हो ,तो Indirect speech में उस Noun को reporting verb का  object बनाकर लिखना चाहिए।जैसे:-

1:- She said ,” You are foolish , Amit.” (Direct)

Step 1 :- She said to Amit,” You are foolish.”(Direct)

Step 2:- She told Amit that he was foolish.(Indirect)

2:- Neetu said,” Nidhi , I want to help you.”(Direct)

Step 1:- Neetu said to Nidhi , ” I will help you.”(Direct)

Step 2 :- Neetu told Nidhi that she wanted to help her. (Indirect)

 

यह भी पढ़े : Removal Of Too & Their Rules

Rule 4 :- यदि  Reported speech में  terms of address  (सम्बोधन के शब्दों / पदों ) के रूप में Ladies and gentlemen , Braves sons of motherland, My dear friends, future of the country , little sisters , idiots , hope of the future आदि का प्रयोग हो ,तो use Indirect speech में इस प्रकार बदला जाता है।जैसे:-

  • PM Shri Narender Modi said to the people , “Friends , here I thank you all.” (Direct)
  • PM Shri Narender Modi addressed the people as friends, and said that there he thanked them all. (Indirect)
  • Addressing the people as friends , PM Shri Narender Modi  said that there he thanked them all. (Indirect)
  • The leader ,” ladies and gentlemen, you are my hope.” (Direct)
  • The leader addressed the people as ladies and gentlemen sand said that they were his hope. (Indirect)
  • Addressing the people as ladies and gentlemen , the leader said that they were his hope. (Indirect)

ध्यान दे :  Indirect speech को Addressing+object +as+terms of address से स्टार्ट करे. यह Indirect speech में बदलने का सबसे आसान तरीका है. 

Rule 5 :- यदि  reported speech में O, well, you, see, okay आदि का प्रयोग हो ,तो इसे Indirect speech में हटा देते है, क्यूंकि इसे हटाने से व्याको के अर्थ में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं होता है।जैसे:-

  • She said ,” Well, Puneet , you have done this work.” (Direct)
  • She told Puneet that he had done that work.(Indirect)

Rule 6 :- यदि  Reported speech में (welcome) या (farewell) सूचक शब्दो ,जैसे , Good Morning , Good Evening, Good night आदि का प्रयोग हो ,तो Indirect में इस प्रकार बदल जाता है।

Step 1:- Subject of Reporting Verb के बाद अर्थ के मुताबिकbid/ bids/ bade, wish / wishes / wished का प्रयोग करे.

Step 2 :-इसके बाद object of reporting verb का प्रयोग करे.

Step 3:- Object of Reporting verb के बाद Good Morning , Good night अदि शब्दों का प्रयोग करे.

Step 4 :- इसके बाद and said that का प्रयोग are.

Step 5:- General Rules को follow करे ।जैसे:-

  • My classmate said to me,” Good morning, You have finished your home work.(Direct)
  • My classmate wished me good morning and said that I had finished my home work. (Indirect)

Rule 7 :- यदि Reported speech में एक से अधिक Assortative sentence का प्रयोग हो ,तो उसे Indirect speech में and or further added से जोड़ कर लिखना चाहिए ।जैसे:-

The emperor said,” My wife is beautiful and laborious , I will visit the Taj Mahal.” (Direct)

The emperor said that his wife was beautiful and laborious and he would visit the Taj Mahal. (Indirect)

मेरी बाते

हम आशा करते है आपके सभी डाउट क्लियर हो गए होंगे हमे फोकस करा है की आपके सारे Some Important facts of Assertive sentence को कवर करा।  अगर आपको तब भी कोई डाउट है तो हमें कमेंट करके जरूर पूछे । हमरी टीम हमेशा रेडी है आपकी हेल्प करने के लिए।तो आप बस अभी घर पर रहे और सेफ रहे और अपनी पढ़ाई में ध्यान दे।हम रोज़ आपके लिए इंग्लिश ग्रामर पे नई टॉपिक लाते रहेंगे. 

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