Subject – Verb Agreement | English Grammar

Subject Verb Agreement English Grammar

Subject – Verb Agreement

यदि subject singular है तो verb भी singular होनी चाहिए। यह subject plural है, verb भी plural होना चाहिए।

Rule 1 :- यदि single infinitive , Single Gerund तथा single clause का प्रयोग sentence के subject के रूप में हो तो इसके साथ Singular verb का प्रयोग होता है.

ध्यान दे:-

  • Infinitive का अर्थ To+ Verb 1
  • Gerund  का अर्थ Main Verb +ing
  • तथा Clause का अर्थ Subject +Verb +Object होता है.

जैसे:-

  • To swim is a good exercise.
  • Swimming is a good exercise.
  • Where she goes is not known to me.

यह भी पढ़े : Syntax | Subject Verb Agreement

Note:- 

लेकिन यदि double infinitive , double gerunds तथा double clause ‘and’ से जुड़कर  sentence के subject के रूप में प्रयुक्त हो, तो इसके साथ plural verb का प्रयोग होता है.जैसे:-

  • To run and to swim are good exercise .(✓)
  • Running and swimming are good exercise.(✓)
  • What we say and what we do are clear.(✓)

Rule 2 :-यदि two subject ‘as well as’से जुड़कर sentence के subject के रूप में प्रयुक्त हो, तो ‘as well as’ के पहले प्रयुक्त subject के number तथा person के मुताबिक verb का प्रयोग होता है.जैसे:-

  • The publisher as well as the writers , has come.(✓)
  • The publisher as well as the writers , have come.  (X)
  • The writers, as well as the publisher , are excited to.
  • The writers, as well as the publisher ,is excited to.(X)

Rule 3 :-  With , together with, along with , in addition to, and not, like, unlike, including , excluding , but , besides, except, rather than, headed by, guided by, government by, controlled by , led by, dominated by, run by के पहले प्रयुक्त  Subject के number तथा person के मुताबिक verb का प्रयोग होता है.जैसे:-

  • The criminal , alongwith his followers , was arrested.(✓)
  • The criminal , alongwith his followers , were arrested. (X)
  • He, and not his brother, is found guilty.(✓)
  • He, and not his brother, are found guilty. (X)
  • The principal, with all his teachers , is coming here.(✓)
  • The principal, with all his teachers , are coming here. (X)

यह भी पढ़े : Subject Verb Agreement (Concept, Rules & Example )

Rule 4 :- do subject ‘Neither …nor ‘ , Either ,, or’ , ‘Not only .. but also, or से जुड़कर Sentence के subject के रूप में प्रयुक्त हो, तो nor, or, but also के बाद प्रयुक्त Subject के number तथा person के मुताबिक verb का प्रयोग होता है.जैसे:-

  • Neither he nor I was guilty .(✓)
  • Neither he nor I were guilty .(X)
  • Either the father or his sons were punished.(✓)
  • Either the father or his sons was punished. (X)
  • Not only Sachin but also his brother were present .(✓)
  • Not only Sachin but also his brother was present. (X)
  • Not only Akash but Avani is also honest.(✓)
  • Not only Akash but Avani are also honest. (X)
  • You or he was punctual.(✓)
  • You or he were punctual. (X)

Rule 5 :- Relative Pronouns- who , which , that  के पहले प्रयुक्त Noun or pronoun के number तथा person के मुताबिक Relative Pronoun के बाद Verb का प्रयोग होता है.जैसे:-

  • The girl who is playing is my daughter.(✓)
  • The girls who are playing are my daughter.(✓)
  • It is I who have written this letter.(✓)
  • It is I who has written this letter. (X)

Note :-

(i) Relative pronoun के पहले noun or pronoun का प्रयोग ho तथा  noun or pronoun के पहले also का प्रयोग हो तो इसके पहले प्रयुक्त Noun or pronoun के number तथा person के मुताबिक verb का प्रयोग होता है.जैसे:-

  • Those student also serve the nations who work for the welfare of the poor.(✓)
  • Those student also serve the nation who works for the welfare of the poor. (X)
  • They also need punished who are  responsible for the crime.(✓)
  • They also need punished who is responsible for the crime. (X)

(ii) One of the +Plural Noun / Plural Pronoun + Relative Pronoun (who , which , that) के बाद Verb का प्रयोग relative Pronoun के पहले प्रयुक्त plural noun / plural pronoun के मुताबिक plural होता है. न की one के मुताबिक singular होता है.जैसे:-

  • Vinay is one of my brothers who are working in Today India Press.(✓)
  • Vinay is one of my brothers who is working in Today India Press.  (X)
  • Ajit is one of those who advise me not to attend the class.(✓)
  • Ajit is one of those who advises me not to attend the class. (X)

मेरी बाते

हम आशा करते है आपके सभी डाउट क्लियर हो गए होंगे हमे फोकस करा है की आपके सारे Subject – Verb Agreement | English Grammar  को कवर करा।  अगर आपको तब भी कोई डाउट है तो हमें कमेंट करके जरूर पूछे । हमरी टीम हमेशा रेडी है आपकी हेल्प करने के लिए।तो आप बस अभी घर पर रहे और सेफ रहे और अपनी पढ़ाई में ध्यान दे।हम रोज़ आपके लिए इंग्लिश ग्रामर पे नई टॉपिक लाते रहेंगे।

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