Use of Participles In English Grammar & Their Rules

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Use of Participles In English Grammar

इस पोस्ट में हमने Use of Participles In English Grammar के सभी सही उपयोगों को उदाहरण के साथ समझाया है।

Use of Past Participles

Rule 1 :- Past participles का प्रयोग continuous / progressive/ Imperfect tense में होता है।जैसे:-

  • She is playing cricket.
  • He was singing a song.
  • You will be doing your home work.

Rule 2 :- Past participles का प्रयोग Adjective के रूप में होता है ।जैसे:-

  • She has a smiling face.
  • I saw a running dog.
  • A rolling stone gathers no moss.

Rule 3 :- Find , catch, leave, see, feel. hear, smell, listen,(to) ,notice , watch- verbs के बाद object का प्रयोग होता है तथा इसके बादPresent Participle का प्रयोग होता है।जैसे:-

  • Depti caught him stealing her purse.
  • His beloved left him lying in bed.
  • I found her talking to a young handsome boy.
  • She saw me crossing the road.
  • The teacher heard the students making a noise.

ध्यान दे :-    Verbs – spend/ waste के साथ Time of money expressing words का प्रयोग ho to इसके बाद Present participle का प्रयोग होता है।जैसे:-

  • My wife spends two or three hour adoring herself.
  • His mother spent the whole night looking after him.
  • He wasted a whole afternoon trying to repair the bike.

Rule 4 :- Present participles का प्रयोग verb to be+ busy के बाद होता है ।जैसे:-

  • He is busy preparing for the U.P.S.C examination.
  • I was busy completing this book.

ध्यान दे :-  Verb to be + busy के बाद Infinitive with to का प्रयोग नहीं होता है।जैसे:-

  • He is busy to prepare prepare for the U.P.S.C examination.(x)
  • I was busy to  compile this book. (x)

Rule 5 :- Present participle का प्रयोग As/ since/ because/if/though/although+subject +verb को replace करने के लिए किया जाता है।जैसे:-

As he knew that he wouldn’t,t be able to buy some food on his journey he took large supplies with him.

= knowing that the wouldn’t be able to buy some food on his journey he took large supplies with him.

As he feared that the police would recognize him he never went out in a day light.

= fearing that the police would recognize him he never went out in a day light.

Rule 6 :- Present participle का प्रयोग Relative pronoun +verb को replace करने के लिए किया जाता है।जैसे:-

  • People who wish /wished to visit the caves.

People wishing to visit the caves.

  • Children who need/ needed medical attention.

Children needing medical attention.

Rule 7 :- जब एक ही subject के द्वारा दो कार्य सम्पादित होते है तो दोनों कार्यो में से एक कार्य के लिए present participle का प्रयोग होता है।जैसे:-

1.   She was in her study room.

She was doing some home work.

=   She was in her study room doing some some hard work.

2.   He was in his workshop. He was doing something.

=   He was in his workshop doing something.

Rule 8 :- जब एक ही subject के द्वारा दो कार्य एक साथ किये जाये या एक कार्य दूसरे कार्य  के तुरंत बाद किये जाये तब sentence में प्रथम कार्य के लिए present participle का प्रयोग होता है।जैसे:-

1.He jumped up. He ran away.

= jumping up her ran away.

2.He opened the drawer and took out a pistol.

=  opening the drawer he took out a pistol.

3.The children saw the headmaster . They ran away.

=seeing the headmaster, the children ran away.

Rule 9 :- किसी sentence में do actions की चर्चा हो तथा दूसरा action हो तो दूसरे action कार्य का part या result हो तो दूसरे action के लिए present participle का प्रयोग होता है।जैसे:-

  • He fired,wounding one of the bandits.
  • The old man fell from the ladder , breaking his left leg.
  • I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it.

Rule 10 :-Present participle का प्रयोग while or when के बाद होता है ।जैसे:-

  • Shivani saw a deer while walking in the zoo.
  • Be careful when crossing the road.

यहाँ while walking in the zoo तथा when crossing the road का अर्थ क्रमशः: while he was walking in the zoo तथा when you are crossing the road है।

मेरी बाते

आशा करते है आपको हमरे तरफ से Use of Participles In English Grammar & Their Rules informative लगे होंगे और आपको पढ़ने में मजा आया होगा. अगर आपको ऐसे rules और पढ़ना है अलग topic पर तो हमारे साथ बने रहे हम रोज़ आपके लिए ऐसे इंट्रेस्टिंग पोस्ट लाते रहेंगे.

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