Use Of Past Participle | Use of Perfect Participle

|

Use Of Past Participle

Rule 1 :- Past participles का प्रयोग Adjective के रूप में होता है ।जैसे:-

  • A burnt child dreads the fire.
  • A lost opportunity never returns.

Rule 2 :- Past participles का प्रयोग Present /past / future के Perfect Tense बनाने में होता है ।जैसे:-

  • I have written a letter.
  • He had finished his work.
  • He will have written a letter.

Rule 3 :- Past participles का प्रयोग Perfect Participle बनाने में होता है ।जैसे:-

Having + V3 Perfect +Participle
Having + done Having done
Having + seen Having seen
Having + written Having written
Having + finished Having finished

जैसे:-

  • Having read the instruction , he snatched up the fire extinguisher.
  • Having failed twice , he didn’t want to try again.

Rule 4 :- Past participles का प्रयोग Perfect Infinite बनाने में होता है ।जैसे:- 

To have +V 3 Perfect – Infinite
To have + written To have written
To have + met To have met
To have + made To have made

जैसे:-

  • He is pleased to have met her there.
  • She is displeased to have failed in the examination.

Rule 5 :- Past participles का प्रयोग passive style के sentence में होता है ।जैसे:- 

  • A tiger was killed by him.
  • My watch has been stolen.

Rule 6 :-  Past participles का प्रयोग subject + verb को replace करने के लिए किया जाता है।जैसे:-

  • The principle satisfied with her performance , he promote her.

= Satisfied with her performance , the principle promoted her.

Rule 7 :- Past participles का प्रयोग permanent habit/state/ character को express करने के लिए किया जाता है।जैसे:-

  • A well read woman.
  • A well behaved student.

Use of Perfect Participle

Rule 1 :- जब दो action के होने में समय अंतरलाल कम हो तो पहले Action के लिए Perfect participle का प्रयोग होता है ।जैसे:- 

  • Having taking breakfast, Shivani went to school.
  • Having killed the hen, he carried it home.
  • Having typed the latter, he posted it.

Some Important fact of Particle

Participles का प्रयोग noun or pronoun को qualify करने के लिए predicatively तथा absolutely होता है ।

(A) Predicatively as

  • He seems worried              .
  • He kept me waiting

(B) Absolutely with a noun or pronoun going before,as

  1.  The weather being fine, I went out.
  2. Manu having arrived we were freed from- anxiety.
  3. Her master begin absent , the business was neglected.
  4. The sun having risen , the birds began to sing.

ध्यान दे :- 

(i) Underlined phrases को absolute phrases कहा जाता है । Participle के पहले प्रयुक्त noun or pronoun को nominative absolute कहा जाता  है।

(ii) Participle का प्रयोग noun or pronoun को qualify करने के लिए  Adjective के रूप में Attributively भी होता है ।

  • A rolling stone gathers no moss.
  • Your tattered coat – needs mending.
  • A burnt child dreads the fire.
  • A lost opportunity never returns.

2. Absolute phrases को आसानी से subordinate clause में बदला जा सकता है।

  • The sea being smooth, we went for a sail.
  • = we went for a sail because the sea was smooth  – (Subordinate clause)
  • God willing, we shall meet- again.
  • = If God is willing, we sahll meet again – Subordinate clause.

3. Gerund तथा Present Participle दोनों का रूप verb+ ing होता है।

4 .Past participles का प्रयोग कर किसी sentence को इस प्रकार Rewrite किया जाता है।जैसे:-

Type 1 :- The letter was written in a very bad hand writing and  was  difficult to read.

= The letter, (being) written in a a very bad handwriting, was difficult to read.

Type 2 . Manali was encourage by her success and made further efforts.

= (being) encourage by her success , Manali made further efforts.

5. Participle constructionका प्रयोग कर किसी sentence को इस प्रकार Rewrite किया जाता है।जैसे:-

Type 1 :- The hunter took careful aim and shot the tiger.

= The hunter , taking careful aim, shot the tiger.

= taking careful aim, the hunter shot the tiger.

Type 2 :- He saw her weeping and went to see what was wrong.

Seeing her weeping , he went to see what was wrong.

Type 3 :- As the weather was warm, Mr. Thakur took his coat.

= The weather being warm, Mr. Thakur took off his coat.

मेरी बाते

हम आशा करते है आपके सभी डाउट क्लियर हो गए होंगे हमे फोकस करा है की आपके सारे Use Of Past Participle | Use of Perfect Participle को कवर करा।  अगर आपको तब भी कोई डाउट है तो हमें कमेंट करके जरूर पूछे । हमरी टीम हमेशा रेडी है आपकी हेल्प करने के लिए।तो आप बस अभी घर पर रहे और सेफ रहे और अपनी पढ़ाई में ध्यान दे।हम रोज़ आपके लिए इंग्लिश ग्रामर पे नई टॉपिक लाते रहेंगे. 

मेरा नाम SHITAL PATEL है और इस EDUCATION Blog पर हर रोज नयी पोस्ट अपडेट करता हूँ। उमीद करता हूँ आपको मेरे द्वार लिखी गयी पोस्ट पसंद आयेगी और अगर आप भी हमारे साथ काम करना चाहतें है हमें मेल करें

Leave a Comment

close