Use Of Relative Pronoun And Theirs Important Rules

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Use Of Relative Pronoun

Rule 1 :-  किसी clause के लिए Relative pronoun – which का प्रयोग होता है , न की who, whom,that का जैसे:-

  1. She has obtained eighty percent of marks, which proves that she is intelligent.  (✓)
  2. She has obtained eighty percent of marks, who/ whom/that proves that she is intelligent.(x)

ऊपर दिए गए example (1) में clause – she has obtained eighty percent of marks का प्रयोग किया गया है, जोAntecedent का काम करता है, के लिए which का प्रयोग किया गया है, जो correct है।

Rule 2:- Which का possessive form – or which or whose होता है

(A) whose/of which+clause:

A room whose doors are painted looks attractive. A room of which doors are painted looks attractive.

(B) with +a phrases: -जैसे:-

A room with painted doors look attractive.

ध्यान दे :-    

Whose /of which +clause के बदले with +a phrases का प्रयोग भी होता है

Rule 3:- 

Preposition +which(used of..)Relative Adverbs
(i)          In which

On which

During which

TimeWhen
(ii)       In which

At which

PlaceWhere
(iii) For whichReasonWhy

जैसे:-

  1. Monika forget the year in which she was born.  (✓)
  2. Monika forget the year when she was born .  (✓)
  3. This is the  hotel at which my father was staying.  (✓)
  4. This is the hotel where  my father was staying.  (✓)
  5. He does not know the reason for which my friend was arrested.  (✓)
  6. He does not know the reason why friend was arrested.  (✓)

ऊपर दिए गए example में स्पस्ट होता है , की  (i) In which /on which /during which जब time को इंगित करता है, तो इसके बदले relative adverb – when का प्रयोग किया जाता है

(ii) In which /at which – जब place को denote करता है, तो इसके बदले Relative Adverb- where का प्रयोग किया जाता है

(iii) For which jab reason को denote करता है, तो इसके बदले  Relative adverb – why का प्रयोगकिया जाता है

Rule 4:- That का प्रयोग  Relative Pronoun के रूप में मनुष्य तथा वास्तु के लिए nominative or objective case के pronoun के रूप में  होता है That का प्रयोग who, whom, which के बदले होता हैजैसे:-

  • This is the teacher that taught my children.  (✓)
  • This is the teacher who taught  my children. (✓)
  • The chair that is red is min.  (✓)
  • The chair which is red is min.  (✓)
  • The person that I likes most is my brother.  (✓)
  • The person whom I like most is my brother.  (✓)

Rule 5 :- Comma (,) से separate किये गए Relative clause में that का प्रयोग  नहीं किया जाता है । that के बदले जरूरत के मुताबिक who, whom, which का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

  • Mr. Prasad  is a popular leader, that lives in jaipur. (x)
  • Mr. Prasad is a popular leader, who live in Jaipur.  (✓)
  • He has bought a pen, that is black. (x)
  • He has bought a pen, which is black.  (✓)

Rule 6:- That के Possessive के रूप में of that का प्रयोग न ही होता है, बल्कि  जरूरत के मुताबिक of which or whose का का प्रयोग है।जैसे:-

  • The girl of that father teaches in my school is laborious. (x)
  • The girl whose father teaches in my school is laborious.  (✓)
  • The pencil of that colour is black is hers. (x)
  • The pencil of which colour is black is hers.  (✓)

Rule 7:- ‘And’ से जुड़कर दो Antecedents का प्रयोग हो, जिनमे एक मुनष्य तथा दूसरा जानवर या वस्तु के लिए हो, तो इसके बाद Relative Pronoun – that का प्रयोग होता है. Who , whom, which का नहीं जैसे:-

  • The man and his dog that I saw yesterday have been kidnapped.  (✓)
  • The man and his dog who/whom/which I saw yesterday have been kidnapped. (x)

Rule 8:- Everyone , Everybody, No one, No body, those के बाद who का प्रयोग होता है।Who के बदले that का प्रयोग भी किया जा सकता है।जैसे :- 

  • Everyone who/ that has visited the Taj Mahal likes it.  (✓)
  • Everyone who /that knew him likes him.  (✓)
  • Nobody who/ that watched the match will ever forget it.  (✓)

मेरी बाते

हम आशा करते है आपके सभी डाउट क्लियर हो गए होंगे हमे फोकस करा है की आपके सारे Use Of Relative Pronoun And Theirs Important Rules को कवर करा।  अगर आपको तब भी कोई डाउट है तो हमें कमेंट करके जरूर पूछे । हमरी टीम हमेशा रेडी है आपकी हेल्प करने के लिए।तो आप बस अभी घर पर रहे और सेफ रहे और अपनी पढ़ाई में ध्यान दे।हम रोज़ आपके लिए इंग्लिश ग्रामर पे नई टॉपिक लाते रहेंगे।

 

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